Contact dermatitis is one of the most common allergy of the skin. It is cause by exposing the skin to a substance to which the patient is hypersensitive. Can contact dermatitis spread? The fact that contact dermatitis is not an infectious disease is not contagious nor transmissible to other people. The person who has this allergy is the one who must be careful because once the allergy begins, contact dermatitis can occur whenever or wherever an allergen touch the sensitized skin.
HOW THE SKIN DEVELOPS CONTACT DERMATITIS?
The skin act as barriers against injuries and irritants. It is also a two-way water barrier, preventing liquids from seeping into the body and keeping body fluids from leaking out. To do this, the skin has to be flexible, and it relies on natural fats and oils to stay that way.
- Strong chemicals and solvent defat the skin and allow it to drain and crack open. The solvent and chemicals will soon dry and irritate the skin. Drying of the skin makes it susceptible to be damage by other substances.
- Once the skin become damage and cracked it is more vulnerable to becoming sensitized to allergic to a foreign substance. This is one of the potential dangers of housewives eczema or contact dermatitis.
- Just dipping the hands in and out of hot soapy water too many times a day can defat the skin.
- Frequent contact with such domestic items such as bleaches, waxes, detergents, soiled diapers or juices of raw citrus, potatoes, tomatoes, and garlic can severely irritate the skin as well.
- Perfumed products can caused reactions and are common among patients who have trouble with their skin. Fair skin people are more sensitive that swarthier types.
- For infants, diapers may cause the rash
More than ever people are expose to an enormous number of chemicals, some of which aren’t listed on package level. No one knows how sensitive he is until an allergy develops and a person may use a product for years before the allergy occur.
IDENTIFYING OTHER CAUSES:
- Identifying the chemicals that cause contact dermatitis can be very difficult. It can be caused by number of things such as: chemicals, plants, oils, cosmetics, deodorants, medicines, clothing, plastics, dyes etc.
- The fragrance in shampoo may be composed of several hundred of sub-ingredient and its exact formula may be a trade of secret.
- Fragrances and other sensitizing chemicals are widely used. One of them is the cinnamic aldehyde can be found in soap, toothpaste and ice cream.
- More than one million pounds of hydroxycitronellal, sometimes use to scent bubble bath are use each year in synthetic perfumes.
- Paraphenylenediamine an ingredient in hair-dye and formaldehyde which is found in disinfectants, shampoos, foot sprays. photographic chemicals, high -gloss pares and other items.
- Other common cleaners in the garage can be the worst for your skin such as: turpentine, gasoline, kerosene and lacquer thinner may not be popular cause of contact dermatitis but they are actually dissolving our hands.
- Poison ivy is one form of contact dermatitis. Getting in contact with poison ivy and poison oak can cause, blistering, oozing, itching and irritation of the skin.
- Itching and redness of the skin with swelling, oozing, blistering, crusting and scaling.
- It may occur in one spot or it may cover the entire body surface.
- In chronic cases, the surface of the skin becomes hard and fissured.
- Wearing gloves ( use vinyl gloves not rubber gloves)
- Gloves ought to be worn in cold, windy or dry weather
- Minimized hand washing and only lukewarm water and mild soap be used.
- Potentially allergy-inducing medication should be avoided
- Patience is the greatest virtue in curing hand dermatitis. Even when the hands turn smooth again, the loving tender care must be kept.
- The giving of the antihistamine drugs to relieve the acute symptoms and the applications of medication to relieve the skin irritation
- Also the discovery of its cause and avoidance of the offending irritant.
- Frequently it is necessary to resort to the use of steroid, such as cortisone.
- In the case of infants with diaper rash and anyone else with inflamed skin, special care care must be taken in taking medication to apply. Certain over-the-counter creams may contain sensitizers that may initiate the allergy.